The Directorate of Research and Postgraduate Studies came into being as a result of the split of the former Directorate of Research and Consultancy Services (DRCS) into two directorates. These are the Directorate of Research and Postgraduate Studies (DRPS) and the Directorate of Consultancy Services (DCS). The DRPS was set up in order to enhance the University image as a premier academic and research institution of international standing.

The Directorate co-ordinates, monitors and organizes research, publications and postgraduate programmes of the University. The Directorate's activities are tailored to feed into the University's training programmes development and improvements. This enables the University to design and deliver up-to-date and relevant programmes that meet the needs of the society and the world at large.

The directorate is divided into two departments with different activities as follows:
Research and Publications
The Research and Publications Department is responsible for the following activities: It coordinates research activities undertaken by MoCU members of staff, research fellows and associates under various collaborative arrangements. MoCU priority research areas include co-operative development, community development, rural transformation, business studies, microfinance development, information technology, organizational development and entrepreneurship. It oversees the quality of academic works produced by staff members of the University and other stakeholders. It ensures proper documentation and dissemination of publications. Currently the department coordinates the publication of the Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies, MoCU Research Report Series, MoCU Working Papers and books, teaching manuals written by MoCU academic staff.
Department of Postgraduate Studies
The Department of Postgraduate Studies is responsible for the overall management and quality assurance of postgraduate programmes at the University.